On Saturday, I was on the Veracity Hill Podcast talking about the evidence that atheists and agnostics reason more reflectively (i.e., make fewer errors) than theists.
- What do we mean by ‘reflective’? And how do we measure reflection? Who counts as a theist? And how do we measure religiosity?
- What do these findings about atheists and theists tell us about atheism and theism (if anything)? And how might further research answer hitherto unanswered questions about how atheists and theists reason?
- What are some related findings? For instance, what does this have to do with other philosophical beliefs?
The Suggested Reading/Researchers
The paper that Kurt and I mention a few times is freely available to anyone. The title is “Atheists and Agnostics Are More Reflective than Religious Believers: Four Empirical Studies and a Meta-Analysis“. It discusses over 30 studies of over 15,000 people. So it’s worth saving for later if you don’t have time to read it now.
And here are some researchers that study religion and/or reasoning:
- Aiyana K. Willard
- Ara Norenzayan
- Gordon Pennycook
- Jonathan Livengood
- Onurcan Yilmaz
- Will Gervais
- …Nick Byrd
Finally, if you are looking for a great book about reasoning, here is one of my favorites. It’s about the systematic reasoning errors that we all tend to make (and how we might overcome them):